Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals Finoric LLC
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Houston Pleasanton & Midland, Texas, Oklahoma and Chicago, Illinois, USA
Email: info@finoric.com

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Oil Well Drilling Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Technology & Chemicals

Open Hole Oil Well Drilling Completion Horizontal Fracturing Multi Direction Fracture Christmas Tree Pump Jack Enhancing Lifting of Well
What is Oil & Gas?
Oil and Gas can be defined in chemistry as hydrocarbons. It is made up of hydrogen and carbon. The sun is shining over the earth since millions of years. Plants trees and micro-organisms were growing by absorbing solar energy. These living plants died after a small cycle and kept decaying. The decaying material percolated down the earth crust. With several cycles of movement, due to bacteria, chemical reactions, and earthquakes and so on, the decaying material turned in to oil and gas.

How is it coming from Oil-wells?
The oil and Gas formed by decaying organic matter seeps in the ground. This under ground oil is not there as pools or rivers. It is contained in porous rocks. The oil is trapped in layers of rock, with and without permeability at different depths and up to different lengths side ways. When the porosity is continuous, over a long range, it is called permeable rock and then the oil is easily mineable by vertical drilling. When the permeability is low, as in shell-gas of United States, advanced mining techniques are needed. Here comes the need for horizontal drilling and fracking or fracturing.

How to discover the presence of oil in a particular area?
A flat and dry surface of land may have mineable oils beneath the surface. Exploration geologists or geophysicists use seismology, a technique of understanding the behavior and echo of sound waves.

Drilling:
Vertical drilling for oil is very similar to drilling water well. However the oil is a little too far below the earth, say 3 kilometers (about 2 miles) or more. Water table can be upto 500 feet or so. The oil-well driller is trained to ensure, that the ground water does not get contaminated by oil or gas. After a vertical drilling, some horizontal fracturing is done to get good yield. Oil wells are drilled inland and offshore too.

Completing Oil & Gas Wells:
Lot of money is spent on drilling a well for oil. To minimize failure, exploration-geologists or geophysicists use seismology technique to determine the presence of mineable oil or gas. In spite of the study, the drilled well may not be good enough to be completed for commercial mining. On an average, only not many of the oil wells drilled are good enough for completion. With more studies and better equipments, the success rate keeps improving with time.
After the initial drilling, the well is assessed for being commercially viable by a few techniques. Different methods, known as logging, core samples testing, drill-stem tests and so on. If the indications are good, the well is completed for commercial exploitation. If not, then it is classed as dry-hole and abandoned after plugging.
Very few wells are good enough for commercial production with open end at the bottom. This is called open-hole completion. For the rest, we need to do cement encasing of production tube and perforate the casing by using explosive charges loaded on a perforating gun and/or other methods.
Drilling is not as simple as it may sound here. There can be a blow out leading to fire and explosion, where there is high pressure oil in the well being drilled. Several other minor and major problems keep cropping up. An experienced driller is heavily staffed to take care of all this problems and safety always takes the front seat.

Stimulating Oil & Gas Well Reservoirs:
Oil and Gas reside in the pores of the reservoir rock. There must be continuity or permeability in the pore-space, in order to be mineable. If the porosity or permeability is low, it is difficult to extract the oil. To increase the permeability, some techniques are used.
Fracturing:
Fracturing splits open the reservoir rocks by use of fluids, pressure inside by powerful pumps. With high pressure pumps sand along with thick fracturing fluid is pumped in the well. The pressure is maintained until the fracture reaches the desired length. Suspended sand contained in thick water based fluid fills the fracture and then the pressure is released. After the fracture is complete, the viscosity of the fluid is decreased by oxidizing agents and the collapse of fracture is controlled by the sand particles.
Acidulation:
The rock formation holding the oil is often made of calcium carbonate (Limestone) or other material. Hydrochloric acid is used to increase the fracture in Limestone and other acids are used to remove blocks in other types of rock matrix.

Oil and Gas Production from the Well:
There is always some dissolved-gas, under pressure in the reservoirs and this gas pushes the oil out after drilling. The gas is not enough to sustain the pushing for a long time. A lifting pump (there are some other methods too) is used to lift the oil to the ground.
Not all of the oil deposits can be recovered even with a pump. Here comes the need to use secondary recovery and tertiary recovery or enhanced recovery methods. These methods are water flooding, miscible processes, thermal process.
After mining, the oil is treated for removing sediments and water. A few preliminary processes are done before it is shipped to refinery.

Chemicals used for tackling problems in Oil Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Stimulation and Production.

Oil Well Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing, Fracking, Drilling Chemicals, Ammonium Persulfate, Encapsulated Gel Breaker, THPS Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Sulfate, HEDP Phosphonate or Hydroxyethylidene Diphosphonic Acid, KCl Substitute, Clay Stabilizer, Sodium Acetate, Citric Acid, Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger, Scale Inhibitor, Choline Chloride, Biocide etc are used in Midland & Houston Texas, Williston North Dakota, Mansfield Pennsylvania, Zanesville Ohio and other oil fields in USA

Acetic Acid Dilute:

Ammonium Persulfate: Gel Breaker Ammonium persulphate (NH4)2S2O8 is a strong oxidizing agent.

Acetic Acid Solution:

ATMP Phosphonate:

Ammonium Bifluoride:

BHMT or BHMTPMPA:

Barium Sulfate Remover:

Calcium Chloride:

Choline Chloride: It reduces clay swelling. It function through ion exchange, where the clay stabilizer provides a cation to replace the native, solubilized clay cation such as sodium.

Citric Acid: is offered as crystals and solution. The solution is used in hydraulic fracturing for iron control and as acidulant. We offer Tankers Totes and carboys of Citric Acid Liquid Solution for oil & gas well operations.

Crosslinking Agent Boron based: Boron crosslinker is used for reversible gel thickening function. We offer cross linker with >4% Boron.

Crosslinking Agent Zirconium based: We offer Zirconium based crosslinker in liquid, powder and granular for.

Clay Stabilizer: is used at much lower levels (0.3–1% vs 2% for KCl, depending upon the mineralogy of the formation). This is particularly useful for offshore uses, reducing the amount of clay stabilizer to be shipped.
Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride:

DETA or DTPMP Phosphonate:

Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride:

Flow Diverting Agent Low & High Temperature: It is used to divert frac fluids to the right places.

Friction Reducer:

Gel Breaker Encapsulated: This is a temperature dependent releasing oxidizer, used in oil well fracking. It is offered as low temperature grade and high temperature grade.

Glutaraldehyde Solution:

Glycerin Solution:

HEDP Phosphonate or Hydroxyethylidene Diphosphonic Acid: Hydroxy Ethylidene Diphosphonic Acid or 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1,1-Diphosphonic Acid or HEDP Phosphonate is an organophosphoric acid scale inhibitor. It can chelate with Ca, Sr, and Ba ions to form stable chelating compounds.

Hydroxy Ethylidene,1-Diphosphonic Acid Potassium salt, HEDP-Kx:

Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger: Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations and poses serious health threats at moderate concentrations. Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger helps in mitigating this problem.

KCl Substitute: KCl Substitute (Potassium Chloride Substitute) works as a temporary Clay Stabilizer by inhibiting clay swellings and mitigation. It performance is guaranteed by exemplary results in Capillary Suction Tests and Roller Oven Testing.

Potassium Chloride:

Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Sulfate THPS: Eliminates bacteria in the water that produces corrosive by-products.

Scale Inhibitor: It works in controlling Barium, Strontium, Iron, Calcium & Magnesium Scales, and its effectiveness in not sacrificed in the presence of Iron.

Sodium Acetate: It is used in buffer hydraulic fracturing.
Sodium Glutaraldehyde Bisulfite Bisulphite:

Zinc Chloride: It is used for H2S control and other thing.

Biocide: We arrange supplies of Biocides for fracturing

We offer tailor made and custom made formulation products as per users needs.

FInOrIC is the internationally preferred source for Stimulation Chemicals and Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals. In USA. we serve various oil and gas producing areas like Permian Basin, Williston Basin, Utica Shale, Austin Chalk, Eagleford Shale, Barnett Shale, Marcellus Shale. We are never too far from your well-site with multiple 24/7 company owned warehouses in the US and across the world. With customers in 55 countries across 5 continents, we source and sell almost all the fracturing chemicals. Backed by owned full fledged chemical manufacturing facilities in Midland and Houston Texas and associates and Toll Manufacturing facilities at several locations we are a truly multi-national chemical manufacturer and distributor.

Ammonium Persulfate:
Acetic Acid Solution:
ATMP Phosphonate:
Ammonium Bifluoride:
BHMT or BHMTPMPA:
Barium Sulfate Remover:
Calcium Chloride:
Cement Defoamer:
Citric Acid:
Choline Chloride:
Crosslinking Agent Boron based:
Crosslinking Agent Zirconium based:
Clay Stabilizer:
DETA or DTPMP Phosphonate:
Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride:
Flow Diverting Agent Low & High Temperature:
Friction Reducer:
Gel Breaker Encapsulated:
Glutaraldehyde Solution:
Glycerin Solution:
HEDP Phosphonate or Hydroxyethylidene Diphosphonic Acid:
Hydroxy Ethylidene,1-Diphosphonic Acid Potassium salt, HEDP-Kx:
Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger:
KCl Substitute:
Potassium Chloride:
Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Sulfate THPS:
Scale Inhibitor:
Sodium Acetate:
Sodium Glutaraldehyde Bisulfite Bisulphite:
Zinc Chloride:
Biocide:

 

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Finoric LLC
Houston, Pleasanton & Midland, Texas, and Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Tel: 773-829-5811
Email:
info@finoric.com

Most products offered from our Midland & Houston, TX area warehouse

We solicit inquiries for contract manufacturing, processing (blending, making solutions, sieving) & re-bagging needs at our Houston facility on toll manufacturing basis.
We are looking for Technical Sales Representatives and agents in Williston North Dakota, Mansfield Pennsylvania and Zanesville Ohio.